Jupiter

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Jupiter
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System. It is a giant planet with a mass one-thousandth that of the Sun, but two and a half times that of all the other planets in the Solar System combined. Jupiter is a gas giant, along with Saturn. (Uranus and Neptune are ice giants.) Jupiter was known to astronomers of ancient times. The Romans named it after their god Jupiter. When viewed from Earth, Jupiter can reach an apparent magnitude of −2.94, bright enough for its reflected light to cast shadows, and making it on average the third-brightest object in the night sky after the Moon and Venus. Jupiter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Short Description Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest in the Solar System. It is a giant planet with a mass one-thousandth that of the Sun, but two and a half times that of all the other planets in the Solar System combined. Jupiter is a gas giant, along with Saturn. (Uranus and Neptune are ice giants.) Jupiter was known to astronomers of ancient times. The Romans named it after their god Jupiter. When viewed from Earth, Jupiter can reach an apparent magnitude of −2.94, bright enough for its reflected light to cast shadows, and making it on average the third-brightest object in the night sky after the Moon and Venus. Jupiter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Type Planet
AddInfo Gas giant
Satellite of Sun
Orbit Prograde
Rotation Direct
Satellites Has satellites, Has rings
Magnetosphere Intrinsic
Atmosphere Stable
Shape Equilibrium spheroid
Apoapsis 09 816 040 000 km
Periapsis 09 740 550 000 km
Semi-major axis 09 778 299 000 km
Distance from Sun 01 5.202 60 au
Eccentricity 0.048 498
Orbital period 11.8618 year | 4,332.59 days
Synodic period 398.88 days
Orbital speed 02 13.07 km/s
Mean anomaly 020.020°
Inclination to the ecliptic 001.303°
Inclination to the equator 006.09°
Longitude of the ascending node 100.464°
Argument of periapsis 273.867°
Diameter/Size 06 139 822 km
Flattening 0.064 87 ± 0.000 15
Mass 1027×1.898 6 kg | 317.8 Earths | 1/1047 Sun
Density 01 1.326 g/cm3
Surface gravity 02 24.79 m/s2 | 2.528 g
Escape velocity 05 59 500 m/s
Rotation period 9.925 hour | 9 hour 55 m 30 s
Equatorial rotation velocity 05 12 600 m/s
Axial tilt 003.13°
North pole right ascension 268.057°
North pole declination 064.496°
Albedo Bond 0.343
Albedo geometric 0.52
Temperature mean 02 165 K | −108 °C | 1 bar level
Apparent magnitude −1.6 to −2.94
Angular diameter 29.8″ to 50.1″
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